Volume 13 Issue 1
Feb.  2022
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Andrea L. Moreno-Ríos, Lesly P. Tejeda-Benítez, Ciro F. Bustillo-Lecompte. Sources, characteristics, toxicity, and control of ultrafine particles: An overview[J]. Geoscience Frontiers, 2022, 13(1): 101147. doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2021.101147
Citation: Andrea L. Moreno-Ríos, Lesly P. Tejeda-Benítez, Ciro F. Bustillo-Lecompte. Sources, characteristics, toxicity, and control of ultrafine particles: An overview[J]. Geoscience Frontiers, 2022, 13(1): 101147. doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2021.101147

Sources, characteristics, toxicity, and control of ultrafine particles: An overview

doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2021.101147
Funds:

This work was carried out by partial financial support from Colciencias, Colombia (Project 141180764164, Contract 815-2018). Special thanks to Prof. Camilo A. Castro for his suggestions towards the literature review approach.

  • Received Date: 2020-10-08
  • Accepted Date: 2021-01-14
  • Rev Recd Date: 2021-01-04
  • Publish Date: 2021-01-20
  • Air pollution by particulate matter (PM) is one of the main threats to human health, particularly in large cities where pollution levels are continually exceeded. According to their source of emission, geography, and local meteorology, the pollutant particles vary in size and composition. These particles are conditioned to the aerodynamic diameter and thus classified as coarse (2.5–10 μm), fine (0.1–2.5 μm), and ultrafine (<0.1 μm), where the degree of toxicity becomes greater for smaller particles. These particles can get into the lungs and translocate into vital organs due to their size, causing significant human health consequences. Besides, PM pollutants have been linked to respiratory conditions, genotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic activity in human beings. This paper presents an overview of emission sources, physicochemical characteristics, collection and measurement methodologies, toxicity, and existing control mechanisms for ultrafine particles (UFPs) in the last fifteen years.
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