Volume 13 Issue 4
Aug.  2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Guodong Cui, Ting Liu, Jingyu Xie, Guanghui Rong, Lihong Yang. A review of SAGD technology development and its possible application potential on thin-layer super-heavy oil reservoirs[J]. Geoscience Frontiers, 2022, 13(4): 101382. doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2022.101382
Citation: Guodong Cui, Ting Liu, Jingyu Xie, Guanghui Rong, Lihong Yang. A review of SAGD technology development and its possible application potential on thin-layer super-heavy oil reservoirs[J]. Geoscience Frontiers, 2022, 13(4): 101382. doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2022.101382

A review of SAGD technology development and its possible application potential on thin-layer super-heavy oil reservoirs

doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2022.101382
Funds:

Gas Development (China University of Petroleum (East China)), Ministry of Education (Grant No. 19CX05005A-201), and the Sinopec Science and Technology Department (Grant Nos. P2006 and 33550000-21-ZC0611-0006).

This research was financially supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (Grant Nos. CUGGC09 and CUG200637), the Opening Fund of Key Laboratory of Unconventional Oil &

  • Received Date: 2021-10-28
  • Accepted Date: 2022-03-20
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-02-06
  • Publish Date: 2022-03-21
  • Super-heavy oil is a significant unconventional energy source, and more than 30 years of research have shown that steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) technology is suitable for thick super-heavy oil reservoirs. Recently, more and more thin-layer super-heavy oil reservoirs have been discovered in China, while their deep buried depth and serous heterogeneity make the existing SAGD technology difficult to apply, so it is urgent to improve the existing SAGD technology for the thin-layer super-heavy oil. To this end, this paper focuses on the enlightenment of field application in SAGD technology. Firstly, based on typical SAGD field projects, the development history of SAGD technology in the world was reviewed, and the influence of reservoir physical properties on the application of SAGD technology in thin-layer super-heavy oil reservoirs was analyzed. Secondly, the well pattern, wellbore structure, pre-heating, artificial lift, and monitor technique of SAGD were detailed described, and their adjustment direction was expounded for the development of thin-layer super-heavy oil reservoirs. Lastly, the gas- and solvent-assistant SAGD were comprehensively evaluated, and their application potential in thin-layer super-heavy oil reservoirs was studied. The research results can provide theoretical guidance for the application of SAGD technology in thin-layer super-heavy oil reservoirs.
  • loading
  • [1]
    Arystanbay, R., Bae, W., Nguyen, H. X., Ryou, S., Lee, W., Jang, T., 2011. Successful Application of Metal PCP Rechnology to Maximize Oil Recovery in SAGD Process, in:SPE Heavy Oil Conference and Exhibition, Kuwait, 12-14 December. https://doi.org/10.2118/149944-MS
    [2]
    Athabasca Oil Corporation, 2020. Athabasca Oil Corporation AER Hangingstone Project Update.
    [3]
    Baek, K. H., Argüelles-Vivas, F. J., Okuno, R., Sheng, K., Sharma, H., Weerasooriya, U. P., 2018. Organic Alkali as a Steam Additive for Improved SAGD:Experimental Study of Emulsion Phase Behavior and Viscosity, in:SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, Calgary, 13-14 March, 2018, https://doi.org/10.2118/189768-MS.
    [4]
    Baker, R., Fong, C., Bowes, C., Toews, M., 2010. Understanding volumetric sweep efficiency in SAGD project. J. Can. Pet. Technol. 49(1), 30-37
    [5]
    Bangs, N., Hornbach M. J., Berndt C., 2011. The mechanics of intermittent methane venting at South Hydrate Ridge inferred from 4D seismic surveying. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 310(1-2), 105-112
    [6]
    Bao, Y., Wang, J., Gates, I. D., 2012. History match of the Liaohe oilfield SAGD operation-A vertical-horizontal well reservoir production machine, in:SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada, Calgary, June 12 2012.
    [7]
    Butler, R. M., 1998. SAGD comes of age! J. Can. Pet. Technol. 37(7), 9-12
    [8]
    Butler, R. M., 1999. The Steam and Gas Push (SAGP). Pet. Soc. Can., 38(3), 54-61. https://doi.org/10.2118/99-03-05
    [9]
    Butler, R. M., 2001. Some Recent Developments in SAGD. J. Can. Pet. Technol. 40(1), 18-22. https://doi.org/10.2118/01-01-DAS
    [10]
    Butler, R.M., 2004. The behaviour of non-condensible gas in SAGD-A rationalization. J. Can. Pet. Technol. 43(01), 28-34
    [11]
    Burke, L., Ghazar, C., 2018. Flow Control Devices in SAGD-A System-Based Technology Solution, in:SPE Middle East Oil & Gas Show and Conference, Manama, 6-9 March, 2018, https://doi.org/10.2118/193353-MS.
    [12]
    Cai, Y., Wang, Z., Liang, Y., Zhang, S., 2019. Application of microgravity technology in the development and monitoring of SAGD. International Workshop on Gravity, Electrical & Magnetic Methods and Their Applications, Xi'an, China, May 19-22, 2019
    [13]
    Cenovus Energy, 2016. Cenovus Foster Creek in-situ oil sands scheme (8623) update for 2015.
    [14]
    Chen, Q., 2009. Assessing and improving steam-assisted gravity drainage:Reservoir heterogeneities, hydraulic fractures, and mobility control foams. Palo Alto:Stanford University, 217 pp
    [15]
    Chen, S., Dou, S.J., You, H.J., Niu, L., Song, X., 2012. Research and application of uniform steam injection in SAGD horizontal wells of Feng city oilfield. Oil Drill. & Prod. Technol. 34(002), 114-116
    [16]
    Cuenca, A., Lacombe, E., Chabert, M., Morvan, M., Delamaide, E., 2016. Impact of Oil on Steam Foam Formulations at 250℃. SPE EOR Conference at Oil and Gas West Asia, Muscat, 21-23 March, 2016. https://doi.org/10.2118/179806-MS
    [17]
    Cui, G.D., Ning, F.L., Dou, B., Li, T., Zhou, Q.C., 2022. Particle migration and formation damage during geothermal exploitation from weakly consolidated sandstone reservoirs via water and CO2 recycling. Energy, 122507
    [18]
    Cui, G.D., Ren, S.R., Dou, B., Ning, F.L., 2021. Geothermal energy exploitation from depleted high-temperature gas reservoirs by recycling CO2:the superiority and existing problems. Geos. Front. 12(6), 101078
    [19]
    Delamaide, E., 2018. Senlac, the Forgotten SAGD Project. SPE J. 21(03), 789-805. https://doi.org/10.2118/183721-PA
    [20]
    Dong, X.H., Liu, H.Q., Chen, Z.X., Wu, K.L., Lu, N., Zhang, Q.C., 2019. Enhanced oil recovery techniques for heavy oil and oilsands reservoirs after steam injection. Appl. Energy. 239, 1190-1211
    [21]
    EnCana, 2008. IETP Application no. 02-034 EnCana air re-pressuring at Christina lake Project Report. Gao, Y.R., Guo, E.P., Shen, D.H., Wang, B.J., 2019. Air-SAGD technology for super-heavy oil reservoirs. Pet. Explor. Dev. 46(1), 109-115.
    [22]
    Gao, Y.R., Liu, S.Q., Shen, D.H., Guo, E.P., 2009. Optimization of N2 injection technology during steam assisted gravity drainage process. Acta Petrolei Sinica 30(5), 717-721 (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [23]
    Ge, Y., 2019. Research on parameter optimum selection and adjustment strategy of SAGD in Zhong 1 block of Fengcheng oilfield. Ph.D. thesis. Southwest Petroleum University
    [24]
    Gupta, S. C., Gittins, S. D., 2012. An investigation into optimal solvent use and the nature of vapor/liquid interface in solvent-aided SAGD process with a semianalytical approach. SPE J. 17(04), 1255-1264
    [25]
    Gupta, S. C., Gittins, S. D., 2016. Christina Lake Solvent Aided Process Pilot. J. Can. Pet. Technol. 45(9), 15-18. https://doi.org/10.2118/06-09-TN
    [26]
    Hare, J., Black, A., 2015. Evolution of microgravity surveys for reservoir monitoring. Monitoring Giant Carbonate Fields:Fad or future? Abu Dhabi, 13-15 April, 2015.
    [27]
    Hocking, G., Cavender, T. W., Person, J., 2011. Single-Well SAGD:Overcoming Permeable Lean Zones and Barriers, in:Canadian Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, 15-17 November, 2011, https://doi.org/10.2118/148832-MS.
    [28]
    Hu, L. M., 2014. Drilling and Completion Technology in Double Horizontal Wells of SAGD in Fengcheng heavy oil. Ph.D. thesis. Southwest Petroleum University (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [29]
    Huang, J., Babadagli, T., 2019. Visual analysis of SAGD with chemical additives, in:SPE Kuwait Oil & Gas Show and Conference, Kuwait, 13-16 October, 2019, https://doi.org/10.2118/198041-MS.
    [30]
    Huo, J., Sang, L. X., Fan, Y. X., Wei, X. C., Qiu, M., Wang, J., 2012. Test of Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) Process for Super Heavy Oil Exploitation in Fengcheng Field by Pair of Horizontal Wells. Xinjiang Pet. Geol. 33(05), 570-573 (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [31]
    Husky, 2016. Husky Oil Operations Limited Sunrise Thermal Project, in:Annual Performance Presentation. 19 October, 2016, Alberta.
    [32]
    Jamali, A., 2014. Unconsolidated Oil Sands:Vertical Single Well SAGD Optimization. Ph.D. thesis. Texas Tech University
    [33]
    Jiang, Q., Thornton, B., Russel-Houston, J., Spence, S., 2010. Review of thermal recovery technologies for the clearwater and lower grand rapids formations in the cold lake area in Alberta. J. Can. Pet. Technol. 49(09), 2-13
    [34]
    Kasraie M., Singhal A. K., Ito Y., 1997. Screening and design criteria for Tangleflags type reservoirs, in:International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium, Bakersfield, Califomia, 10-12 February, 1997, https://doi.org/10.2118/37571-MS
    [35]
    Li, H.Z., Xiong, B., Zhang, H., Gong, X.Y., 2017. Technical Review on the Development of Single-Well SAGD in Foreign Heavy Oil Reservoirs. Nat. Gas and Oil 35(1), 84-88
    [36]
    Li, L. 2014. The applicability study for SAGD in thin super heavy oil reservoir. Ph.D. thesis., China University of Petroleum (East China), 91 pp (in Chinese with English abstract).
    [37]
    Li, R., Chen, Z.X., Wu, K.L., Dong, X.H., 2020. Review on the effective recovery of SAGD production for extra and super heavy oil reservoirs. Scientia Sinica Technologica 50(6), 729-741
    [38]
    Li, W., 2013. Study on the displacement mechanism of expending solvent-steam assisted gravity drainage. Ph.D. thesis, China University of Petroleum (East China), 77 pp (in Chinese with English abstract).
    [39]
    Li, W., Mamora, D.D., Li, Y., 2011. Solvent-type and-ratio impacts on solvent-aided SAGD process. SPE Reservoir Eval. Eng. 14(3), 320-331
    [40]
    Lin, B. T., Jin, Y., Chen, S., Pan, J. J., 2018. Predication on reservoir dilatation results by squeeze preprocessing in SAGD wells. Oil Drill. & Prod. Technol. 40(03), 341-347 (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [41]
    Liu, H., Pang, J., Wu, G.H., Liang, J., Yang, Y., 2016. SAGP Experiment of Thin Super Heavy Oil Reservoirs. Int. J. Simul. Syst. Sci. Technol. 17(13), 91-99
    [42]
    Lumley, D., 2010. 4D seismic monitoring of CO2 sequestration. Leading Edge 29(2), 150-155
    [43]
    Mendoza, H. A., Finol, J. J., Butler, R. M., 1999. SAGD, Pilot test in Venezuela, in:SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 21-23 April, 1999, https://doi.org/10.2118/53687-MS.
    [44]
    Meng, L., Ji D., Dong M., Maini B., 2018. Experimental and numerical study of the convective mass transfer of solvent in the Expanding-Solvent SAGD process. Fuel 215, 298-311
    [45]
    Mohammadzadeh, O., Rezaei N., Chatzis I., 2010. Pore-level investigation of heavy oil and Bitumen recovery using solvent- aided steam assisted gravity drainage (SA-SAGD) process. Energy Fuels 24(12), 6327-6345
    [46]
    Oloumi, D., Chan, K. M., Boulanger, P., Rambabu, K., 2016. SAGD process monitoring in heavy oil reservoir using UWB radar techniques. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., 64(6), 1884-1895
    [47]
    Oskouei S. J.P., Moore R. G., Maini B. B., Mehta S. A., 2011. Feasibility of in-situ combustion in the SAGD chamber. J. Can. Pet. Technol. 50(4), 31-44
    [48]
    Pang, Z.X., Wang, L., Wu, Z.B., Wang, X., 2019. An Investigation into Propagation Behavior of the Steam Chamber During Expanding-Solvent SAGP (ES-SAGP). SPE J. 24(02), 413-430
    [49]
    Pei, Y. L., Jiang, H. Q., Zhou, H., Li, L. K., Lu, X. A., 2016. Reservoir Screening Criteria of FAST-SAGD Technology in Heavy Oil Reservoir. Special Oil and Gas Reservoirs 23(002), 115-119
    [50]
    Rottenfusser, B., Ranger, M., 2004. A geological comparison of six projects in the Athabasca oil sands. CSPG/CSEG GeoConvention, Calgary, May 31-June 4, 2004.
    [51]
    Saltuklaroglu, M., Wright, G. N., Conrad, P. R., Mclntyre, J. R. Manchester, G. J., 2000. Mobil's SAGD experience at Celtic, Saskatchewan. J. Can. Pet. Technol. 39(4), 45-51
    [52]
    Si, N., An, L., Deng, H., Guang, X., 2016. Innovation progress and thinking of SAGD technology in heavy oil and oil sand. Oil Drill. & Prod. Technol. 38(001), 98-104 (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [53]
    Suncor, 2017. Suncor Firebag 2017 AER Performance Presentation.
    [54]
    Sheng, J.J., 2013. Enhanced oil recovery field case studies. Waltham:Gulf Professional Publishing, 2013
    [55]
    Suncor, 2018. Suncor MacKay River Project 2017 AER Performance Presentation. 24 October, 2018.
    [56]
    Tao, L., Li, Z. M., Bi, Y. Q., Li, B., Zhang, J., 2010. Multi-combination exploiting technique of ultra-heavy oil reservoirs with deep and thin layers in Shengli Oilfield. Pet. Explor. Dev. 37(6), 732-736
    [57]
    Tavallali M., Maini B. B., Harding T. G., Busahmin B., 2012. Assessment of SAGD Well Configuration Optimization in Lloydminster Heavy Oil Reserve, in:SPE/EAGE European Unconventional Resoures Conference and Exhibition, Vienna, 20-22 March, 2012, https://doi.org/10.2118/153128-MS.
    [58]
    Tian H. Z., Sun Y., 2013. Operation parameters optimization of steam flooding with the combination of vertical and horizontal wells. Lithologic Reservoirs 25(3), 127-130 (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [59]
    Wang, C. F,. Wu, G. H., Wei, T., 2017. Physical simulation experiment of nitrogen gas and dissolve solvent aided SAGD for thin formation and extra-super heavy oil reservoir. Pet. Geol. Recovery Effic. 24(1), 80-85
    [60]
    Wang, J. H., 2018. Homogeneous Steam Injection Technology in Horizontal Wells. Ph.D. thesis. China University of Petroleum (Beijing), 76 pp (in Chinese with English abstract).
    [61]
    Wang, S., 2017. Research on dynamic steam injection technology of horizontal well. Chem. Manage. (6), 200-200.
    [62]
    Wang, Y.Y., Zhang, L., Deng, J.Y., Wang, Y.T., Ren, S.R., Hu, C.H., 2017. An innovative air assisted cyclic steam stimulation technique for enhanced heavy oil recovery. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 151, 254-263
    [63]
    Wang, Z.D., 2016. Solvent assisted SAGD field experiment-A case study of Liaohe Oilfield Du 84. Chem. Eng. Des. Commun. 42(6), 24-24.
    [64]
    Wang, Z.Z., Li, Z.M., Lu, T., Yang, J.P., Wang, H.Y., 2019. Visualization and Mechanism Analysis of the Flue Gas Action on Steam Chamber. Spec. Oil Gas Reservoirs 26(2), 136-140
    [65]
    Wu, Z.B., Liu, H.Q. Cao, P.L., Yang R., 2021. Experimental investigation on improved vertical sweep efficiency by steam-air injection for heavy oil reservoirs. Fuel 285, 119138
    [66]
    Wu, Z.B., Liu, H.Q., Pang, Z.X., Wu, C., Gao, M., 2016. Pore-scale experiment on blocking characteristics and EOR mechanisms of nitrogen foam for heavy oil:a 2D visualized study. Energy Fuels 30(11), 9106-9113
    [67]
    Xin, K. L., 2018. Application of three-dimensional monitoring technique of steam chamber to SAGD development. Sion-global Energy 23(9), 43-51
    [68]
    Yang, D. Q., 2011. Study on Shu1 Du84 SAGD Dynamic Adjustment Technology. Ph.D. thesis, Northeast Petroleum University, 77 pp (in Chinese with English abstract).
    [69]
    Zare A., Hamouda A. A., 2019. Coinjection of C6, C7, and CO2 with steam to improve low-pressure SAGD process. Fuel 238, 394-401
    [70]
    Zargar, Z., Ali, S. M. F., 2018. Analytical modelling of steam chamber rise stage of Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) process. Fuel 233, 732-742
    [71]
    Zeidani, M., Maini, B. B, Chen, Z., 2017. ES-SAGD Relative Permeability as a function of temperature and solvent concentrations, in:SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, Calgary, 15-16 February, 2017. https://doi/org.10.2118/185002-MS.
    [72]
    Zhang, L., Wu, W. Y., Hu, Y. W., Chen, S., Huang, Y., 2017. Study on SAGD Circulating Preheating String Structure Optimization in Thin Super Heavy Oil Reservoir. Bull. Sci. Technol. 33(10), 64-66
    [73]
    Zhang, M. B., 2014 Research on SAGP technology development for super heavy oil in Guontao reservoir of Block 8. Ph.D. thesis. Northeast Petroleum University (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [74]
    Zhang, Y.J., Shen, D.H., Gao, Y.R., Li, J.H., Li, J., Liu, Y., 2014. Physical simulation experiments on CO2 injection technology during steam assisted gravity drainage process. Acta Petrolei Sinica 35(6), 1147-1152 (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [75]
    Zhao W. J., Liu, Y. X., Hu, W. T., Jin, C. Y., Xu, G. F., Zhao, L., 2017. Application of time-shifting microgravity monitoring technology in gas reservoir development, in:Proceedings of the Annual Conference of Chinese Earth Science Association, 1425-1426, 2017 (in Chinese).
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (12) PDF downloads(3) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return