Volume 11 Issue 2
Aug.  2020
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Yang Xiao, Minqiang Meng, Ali Daouadji , Qingsheng Chen , ZhijunWu , Xiang Jiang. Effects of particle size on crushing and deformation behaviors of rockfillmaterials[J]. Geoscience Frontiers, 2020, (2): 375-388. doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2018.10.010
Citation: Yang Xiao, Minqiang Meng, Ali Daouadji , Qingsheng Chen , ZhijunWu , Xiang Jiang. Effects of particle size on crushing and deformation behaviors of rockfill materials[J]. Geoscience Frontiers, 2020, (2): 375-388. doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2018.10.010

Effects of particle size on crushing and deformation behaviors of rockfill materials

doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2018.10.010

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the 111 Project (Grant No. B13024), the National Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51509024, 51678094 and 51578096), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 106112017CDJQJ208848), the Special Financial Grant from the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2017T100681), and the State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Grant No. SKLGDUEK1810).

  • Received Date: 2018-05-12
  • Rev Recd Date: 2018-07-16
  • Publish Date: 2020-08-26
  • Strength and deformation behaviors of rockfill materials, key factors for determining the stability of dams, pertain strongly to the grain crushing characteristics. In this study, single-particle crushing tests were carried out on rockfill materials with nominal particle diameters of 2.5 mm, 5 mm and 10 mm to investigate the particle size effect on the single-particle strength and the relationship between the characteristic stress and probability of non-failure. Test data were found to be described by the Weibull distribution with the Weibull modulus of 3.24. Assemblies with uniform nominal grains were then subjected to one-dimensional compression tests at eight levels of vertical stress with a maximum of 100 MPa. The yield stress in one-dimensional compression tests increased with decreasing the particle size, which could be estimated from the single-particle crushing tests. The void ratio-vertical stress curve could be predicted by an exponential function. The particle size distribution curve increased obviously with applied stresses less than 16 MPa and gradually reached the ultimate fractal grading. The relative breakage index became constant with stress up to 64 MPa and was obtained from the ultimate grading at the fractal dimension (a ¼ 2:7). A hyperbolical function was also found useful for describing the relationship between the relative breakage index and input work during one-dimensional compression tests.
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